EcoService Models Library (ESML)

About ecosystem goods and services (EGS)

Ecosystem goods and services, often shortened to ecosystem services (ES), are the benefits that humans receive from nature. EGS are defined as outputs of ecological functions or processes that directly or indirectly contribute to human well-being, or have the potential to do so in the future (modified from U.S. EPA 2006). EGS underpin most aspects of human well-being, including water, security, and the economy.  

Final ecosystem goods and services are abbreviated as FEGS; final ecosystem services is an equivalent term.  FEGS are “components of nature, directly enjoyed, consumed, or used to yield human well-being” (Boyd & Banzhaf 2007). 

Read More about ecosystem goods and services (EGS).

Read About EGS classification systems.

Read About EGS production models.